Wisdom Teeth Extraction: When and Why It’s Necessary

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Wisdom Teeth Extraction: When and Why It’s Necessary

Wisdom teeth are also known as the third molars. While our ancestors may have relied on these molars to chew tough, unrefined foods, our diets and way of life have evolved over time. As a result, these teeth have now become unnecessary and can even cause problems.

In this blog, we will delve into the issues associated with these molars and why the removal of wisdom teeth can sometimes be necessary.

Common Issues Associated With Wisdom Teeth

Though most wisdom teeth grow without causing problems, some can cause dental challenges that require the intervention of a skilled dental care hospital. Let us examine the issues such wisdom teeth cause:

  • Impaction

One of the problems related to wisdom teeth is impaction. This occurs when there isn’t space for the teeth to emerge from the gums properly. Impacted wisdom teeth can cause discomfort, swelling, and even infection if not addressed.

  • Crowding

Due to the space available in our jaws, wisdom teeth may push against existing teeth, resulting in misalignment and crowding. This can potentially affect the neighbouring teeth, causing them damage.

  • Gum Disease

When wisdom teeth emerge only partially, gaps or pockets form between the gum and teeth. These spaces become an environment for bacteria to thrive, increasing the risk of infections and gum disease.

  • Cysts 

In some cases, cysts can develop around impacted wisdom teeth. This happens when fluid fills the sac where wisdom teeth develop. If left untreated, these growths can harm the surrounding jaw bone, nerves, and adjacent teeth.

Signs That Extraction May Be Needed

The need for wisdom teeth extraction is determined by the presence of any of the aforementioned complications or potential problems. While not everyone will experience issues with their wisdom teeth, those who do may need to consider extraction to prevent future oral health problems.

There are certain signs that may indicate that wisdom teeth extraction is necessary. These are as follows:

Pain and Discomfort: Persistent pain, especially around the back of the mouth, could indicate problems with wisdom teeth.

Swelling and Redness: Such symptoms in the gum area around the wisdom teeth indicate inflammation or infection.

Jaw Stiffness: Difficulty opening the mouth fully or experiencing stiffness in the jaw could be a sign of wisdom teeth-related issues.

Timing Matters: When to Consider Extraction

The timing of wisdom teeth extraction plays a crucial role in the procedure’s success. Dental professionals often recommend extracting wisdom teeth during the late teenage years or early twenties. At this age, the roots of the wisdom teeth are not completely developed, making the extraction process less complicated and reducing the potential for complications.

The Extraction Procedure

Source: Freepik

Wisdom teeth extraction is performed by skilled oral surgeons at a dental care hospital

The procedure involves: 

Step 1: Numbing the area

Step 2: Making an incision if necessary

Step 3: Carefully removing the tooth

While the thought of extraction might seem daunting, advancements in dental techniques and technology have made the process relatively straightforward.

Recovery and Aftercare 

Source: Freepik

After wisdom teeth removal, proper aftercare is essential to promote healing and prevent complications. Here are some tips for a smooth recovery:

  • Pain Management: We may prescribe medications to help manage post-operative pain and discomfort.
  • Swelling Reduction: Applying ice packs to the jaw to ease swelling.
  • Soft Diet: Consume easy-to-chew foods for a few days to avoid placing excessive strain on the extraction sites.
  • Oral Hygiene: Gently rinse the mouth with warm salt water to keep the extraction sites clean.
  • Follow-up Appointments: Attending follow-up appointments is important to ensure proper healing and monitor any potential issues.

Conclusion

Wisdom teeth removal becomes necessary when these molars pose complications or potential oral health problems. Regular consultations with a dental professional and adhering to post-operative instructions are essential for maintaining optimal oral health. 

If you’re looking for reliable and expert wisdom teeth extraction services in Hyderabad, visit Gnathos Dental. With over 15 years of experience in this industry, our certified oral surgeons offer unparalleled dental treatments tailored to your needs.

FAQs About Wisdom Teeth Extraction

  1. Is wisdom tooth extraction painful?

No, the procedure is not painful. You’ll be given anaesthesia to numb the area, ensuring you won’t feel pain during the extraction. Some discomfort during recovery is normal, but this can be managed with pain relievers.

  1. What Is the ideal age for wisdom teeth removal?

Dental professionals often recommend extracting wisdom teeth during the late teenage years or early twenties before the roots are fully developed. This minimises complications and aids in a smoother recovery.

  1. How long is the recovery period after extraction?

Recovery typically takes a few days to a week. You’ll need to follow your dentist’s guidelines for eating soft foods, maintaining oral hygiene, and avoiding strenuous activities during this time.

4. Can I drive home after the extraction?

If you receive IV sedation, you will need someone to drive you to your home after the procedure. For local anaesthesia, you should be able to drive yourself.

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